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Output one or more strings
String Functions
PHP Manual

echo

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

echoOutput one or more strings

Description

void echo ( string $arg1 [, string $... ] )

Outputs all parameters.

echo is not actually a function (it is a language construct), so you are not required to use parentheses with it. echo (unlike some other language constructs) does not behave like a function, so it cannot always be used in the context of a function. Additionally, if you want to pass more than one parameter to echo, the parameters must not be enclosed within parentheses.

echo also has a shortcut syntax, where you can immediately follow the opening tag with an equals sign. Prior to PHP 5.4.0, this short syntax only works with the short_open_tag configuration setting enabled.

I have <?=$foo?> foo.

Parameters

arg1

The parameter to output.

...

Return Values

No value is returned.

Examples

Example #1 echo examples

<?php
echo "Hello World";

echo 
"This spans
multiple lines. The newlines will be
output as well"
;

echo 
"This spans\nmultiple lines. The newlines will be\noutput as well.";

echo 
"Escaping characters is done \"Like this\".";

// You can use variables inside of an echo statement
$foo "foobar";
$bar "barbaz";

echo 
"foo is $foo"// foo is foobar

// You can also use arrays
$baz = array("value" => "foo");

echo 
"this is {$baz['value']} !"// this is foo !

// Using single quotes will print the variable name, not the value
echo 'foo is $foo'// foo is $foo

// If you are not using any other characters, you can just echo variables
echo $foo;          // foobar
echo $foo,$bar;     // foobarbarbaz

// Some people prefer passing multiple parameters to echo over concatenation.
echo 'This ''string ''was ''made ''with multiple parameters.'chr(10);
echo 
'This ' 'string ' 'was ' 'made ' 'with concatenation.' "\n";

echo <<<END
This uses the "here document" syntax to output
multiple lines with 
$variable interpolation. Note
that the here document terminator must appear on a
line with just a semicolon. no extra whitespace!
END;

// Because echo does not behave like a function, the following code is invalid.
($some_var) ? echo 'true' : echo 'false';

// However, the following examples will work:
($some_var) ? print 'true' : print 'false'// print is also a construct, but
                                            // it behaves like a function, so
                                            // it may be used in this context.
echo $some_var 'true''false'// changing the statement around
?>

Notes

Note: Because this is a language construct and not a function, it cannot be called using variable functions.

See Also


String Functions
PHP Manual